Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity of nicotinamide

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Centro de Pesquisa Gonçalo Moniz. Salvador, BA, Brasil

Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2012
Main Author: Soares, Milena Botelho Pereira
Other Authors: Silva, Cinara Vasconcelos da, Bastos, Tanira Matutino, Guimarães, Elisalva Teixeira, Figueira, Cláudio Pereira, Smirlis, Despina, Azevedo Junior, Walter Filgueira de
Document type: Article
Published: Elsevier Science B.V
Online Access:
Citation:SOARES, M. B. P. et al. Anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity of nicotinamide. Acta Tropica, v. 122, n. 2, p. 224– 229, 2012.
English abstract:Inhibition of Trypanosoma brucei and Leishmania spp. sirtuins has shown promising antiparasitic activity, indicating that these enzymes may be used as targets for drug discovery against trypanosomatid infections. In the present work we carried out a virtual screening focused on the C pocket of Sir2 from Trypanosoma cruzi. Using this approach, the best ligand found was nicotinamide. In vitro tests confirmed the anti-T. cruzi activity of nicotinamide on epimastigote and trypomastigote forms. Moreover, treatment of T. cruzi-infected macrophages with nicotinamide caused a significant reduction in the number of amastigotes. In addition, alterations in the mitochondria and an increase in the vacuolization in the cytoplasm were observed in epimastigotes treated with nicotinamide. Analysis of the complex of Sir2 and nicotinamide revealed the details of the possible ligand–target interaction. Our data reveal a potential use of TcSir2 as a target for anti-T. cruzi drug discovery.