A Polidez em entrevistas de falantes de língua portuguesa de Cabo-Verde e Timor Leste

SOUSA, Benedita Maria do Socorro Campo de. A Polidez em entrevistas de falantes de língua portuguesa de Cabo-Verde e Timor Leste. 2016. 366f. - Tese (Doutorado) - Universidade Federal do Ceará, Programa de Pós-graduação em Linguística, Fortaleza (CE), 2016.

Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2016
Main Author: Sousa, Benedita Maria do Socorro Campo de
Advisor: Soares, Maria Elias
Document type: Doctoral thesis
Portuguese subjects:
Online Access:http://www.repositorio.ufc.br/handle/riufc/33660
Citation:Sousa, B. M. S. C.; Soares, M. E. (2016)
Portuguese abstract:This paper aims to analyze the organization of verbal interactions between researchers and university students, we focused in politeness strategies used by Cape Verdean and Timorese speakers interviews for PROFALA (the questionnaire-interviews follow the ALiB model – Linguistic Atlas from Brazil). The analysis concerns 40 interviews based on the phonetic-phonological questionnaire (PPQ), we divided in origin (Cape Verde/East Timor), gender (male/female), and residence time in Brazil (more than six months and less than six months). We assumed that politeness is multidisciplinary, consequently, we developed this research through the support of three different areas of knowledge: Pragmatics, Conversation Analysis, and Interactional Sociolinguistics. In addition, we used the politeness concept proposed by Brown and Levinson (1987); Watts (2003); Leech (1983, 2005); and Goffman ([1967] 2011); we based the interaction in meeting concept, concerning the interactional dynamics of questionnaire-interviews and the use of linguistic and non-linguistic conversational markers, in Gumperz (1982), Phillips (1976), Marcuschi (2002) and Castilho (2003). It is important to check the functionality of the conversational markers to determine its relation with the politeness strategies used by the speakers. The methodology adopted is quali-quantitative; quantification was used as a parameter to verify trends, without the pretension of being undeniable. The questionnaires and interviews layout follow a pattern (QFF); however, during its development the interviewers assume the role of authors instead of entertainers, creating a new dynamic of participation for the interviewee without losing image preservation strategies and linguistic politeness. Politeness was used as the main strategy during the interaction; we noticed that women were more concerned about face work than men were; concerning the origin, Cape Verdeans were more engaged and collaborative than Timorese people, which suggests more politeness. The students with more residence time in Brazil were more engaged with the documentation team, their relationship seems to be more polite, but with lower use of attenuation marker, agreement marker, “laugh” marker and the pursuit of approval.