Estudo dos ?caros (Acari: Mesostigmata: Spinturnicidae, Macronyssidae) ectoparasitos de morcegos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) no Brasil

This study refer to the interaction of ectoparasites mites (Macronyssidae and Spinturnicidae) and their hosts bats in Brazil. These mites have a cosmopolitan distribution and are hematophagous. Also they show high degree of specificity with their hosts, suggesting cospeciation and cophylogeny. The f...

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Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2016
Main Author: ALMEIDA, Juliana Cardoso de lattes
Advisor: Peracchi, Adriano Lucio
Co-advisor: Serra-Freire, Nicolau Maues
Referee: Famadas, Katia M., Faccini, Jo?o Luiz Hor?cio, Jurberg, Jos?, Carvalho, Raimundo Wilson, Dias, Daniela
Document type: Doctoral thesis
Language:por
Published: Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro
Program: Programa de P?s-Gradua??o em Biologia Animal
Department: Instituto de Ci?ncias Biol?gicas e da Sa?de
Portuguese subjects:
English subjects:
Knowledgement areas:
Online Access:https://tede.ufrrj.br/jspui/handle/jspui/1994
Citation:ALMEIDA, Juliana Cardoso de. Estudo dos ?caros (Acari: Mesostigmata: Spinturnicidae, Macronyssidae) ectoparasitos de morcegos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) no Brasil. 2016. 111 f. Tese (Doutorado em Biologia Animal). Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Serop?dica, RJ, 2016.
Portuguese abstract:Este trabalho apresenta a intera??o de ?caros ectoparasitos (Macronyssidae e Spinturnicidae) e seus hospedeiros morcegos no Brasil. Os membros dessas fam?lias s?o hemat?fagos e possuem distribui??o cosmopolita. Al?m disso, mostram um alto grau de especificidade com seus hospedeiros, sugerindo coespecia??o e cofilogenia. O primeiro cap?tulo deste trabalho ? um cat?logo taxon?mico das esp?cies de ?caros macronyss?deos e espinturnic?deos com seus respectivos hospedeiros e as localidades de coleta no Brasil. Atrav?s de revis?o bibliogr?fica foi constru?do um panorama atual da distribui??o desses ?caros no territ?rio brasileiro. O cap?tulo II reporta pela primeira vez, ?caros espinturnic?deos nos estados do Cear? e Mato Grosso. Os esp?cimes de morcegos com seus ectoparasitos foram coletados em ?reas dos biomas Caatinga e Pantanal, na Reserva Particular do Patrim?nio Natural Serra das Almas e RPPN Sesc Pantanal respectivamente. Em ambas as ?reas foram coletados o total de 588 espinturnic?deos. A ocorr?ncia do g?nero Cameronieta Machado-Allison, 1965 e da esp?cie Mesoperiglischrus natali (Furman, 1966), al?m de quatro novas associa??es (Periglischrus iheringi Oudemans, 1902 - Chiroderma vizottoi Taddei & Lim, 2010; Periglischrus micronycteridis Furman, 1966 - Micronycteris sanborni Simmons, 1996; P. paracutisternus Machado-Allison & Antequera, 1971 ? Trachops cirrhosus Spix 1823; Spinturnix americanus (Banks, 1902) - Myotis riparius Handley, 1960) s?o registradas pela primeira vez no Brasil. No cap?tulo III ? apresentado uma revis?o hist?rica da taxonomia de Cameronieta Machado-Allison, 1965 (Acari: Spinturnicidae), redefinindo o g?nero e considerando quest?es que envolvem a sistem?tica e biologia deste grupo. Foram examinadas mais de 300 amostras comparativas de Cameronieta coletadas no Cear? (Brasil), Michoacan (M?xico) e Falcon (Venezuela). Adicionalmente, Cameronieta almaensis n.sp. ? descrita em Pteronotus parnelli (Gray, 1843) e coletada da Reseva Serra das Almas, nordeste brasileiro, estado do Cear?, Brasil.
English abstract:This study refer to the interaction of ectoparasites mites (Macronyssidae and Spinturnicidae) and their hosts bats in Brazil. These mites have a cosmopolitan distribution and are hematophagous. Also they show high degree of specificity with their hosts, suggesting cospeciation and cophylogeny. The first chapter of this research is a taxonomic catalog of macronyssids and spinturnicids species with their respective hosts in Brazilian collection site. Through literature review was presented a current overview about the distribution of these mites in Brazil. Chapter II reports for the first time, spinturrnicids mites in the states of Cear? and Mato Grosso. Specimens of bats and their ectoparasites were collected in areas of Caatinga and Pantanal biomes, the Private Reserve of the Natural Patrimony Serra das Almas and RPPN SESC Pantanal, respectively. In both areas was captured a total of 588 espinturnic?deos. The occurrence of Cameronieta Machado-Allison, 1965 genus and the species Mesoperiglischrus natali (Furman, 1966) as well as four new associations (Periglischrus iheringi Oudemans, 1902 - Chiroderma vizottoi Taddei & Lim, 2010; Periglischrus micronycteridis Furman, 1966 - Micronycteris sanborni Simmons, 1996; P. paracutisternus Machado-Allison & Antequera, 1971 ? Trachops cirrhosus Spix 1823; Spinturnix americanus (Banks, 1902) - Myotis riparius Handley, 1960) are registered for the first time in Brazil. In chapter III is present a brief review of the taxonomic history of Cameronieta (Acari: Spinturnicidae), redefining the genus, and clarifying some questions that remain concerning the biology and systematic of the group. Were examined over 300 comparative specimens of Cameronieta Machado-Allison, 1965 in slides collections from Cear? (Brasil), Michoacan (M?xico) and Falcon (Venezuela). Additionally, Cameronieta almaensis n.sp. is described on pteronotus parnelli (Gray, 1843) from the in Reserva Serra das Almas, northeastern Brazil, Cear?, Brazil.