Evaluation of the toxicity and molluscicidal and larvicidal activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis stem bark extract and its fractions

Dengue fever and schistosomiasis are major public health issues for which vector control using larvicide and molluscicide substances present in plants provides a promising strategy. This study evaluated the potential toxicity of the extract of hydroethanol Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl., Anacardiacea...

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Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2014
Main Author: Dias, Antônio Santos
Other Authors: Santos, Clisiane Carla de Souza, Araujo, Silvan Silva de, Santos, André Luiz Lima Menezes dos, Almeida, Elis Cristiane Valença de, Damascena, Nicole Prata, Santos, Deisylaine Maria dos, Santos, Matheus Ismerim Silva, Ribeiro Júnior, Karlos Antônio Lisboa, Pereira, Carla Karine Barbosa, Lima, Amanda do Carmo Bion de, Shan, Andrea Yu Kwan Villar, Santana, Antônio Euzébio Goulart, Estevam, Charles dos Santos, Araujo, Brancilene Santos de
Document type: Article
Language:eng
Published: Sociedade Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Portuguese subjects:
Online Access:https://ri.ufs.br/handle/riufs/1416
Citation:SANTOS, C. C. S. et. al. Evaluation of the toxicity and molluscicidal and larvicidal activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis stem bark extract and its fractions. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, Curitiba, v. 24, n. 3, maio/jun. 2014. Disponível em: <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0102-695X2014000300298&script=sci_arttext>. Acesso em: 29 jan. 2015.
Portuguese abstract:Dengue fever and schistosomiasis are major public health issues for which vector control using larvicide and molluscicide substances present in plants provides a promising strategy. This study evaluated the potential toxicity of the extract of hydroethanol Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl., Anacardiaceae, stem bark and its chloroform, hexane, ethyl acetate, and hydromethanol fractions against Artemia salina and Aedes Aegypti larvae and snails Biomphalaria glabrata. All of the assays were performed in triplicate and the mean mortality rates were used to determine the LC50 and LC90 values using the probit method. The hydroethanol hydromethanol extract and fraction were free of toxicity towards A. salina (LC50 > 1000 µg/ml), while chloroform fraction was moderately toxic (LC50 313 µg/ml); ethyl acetate and hexane fractions displayed low toxicity, with LC50 557 and 582 µg/ml, respectively. Chloroform, hexane, and ethyl acetate fractions showed larvicidal potential towards A. aegypti (LC50 values of 345, 527 and 583 µg/ml, respectively), while chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions were highly toxic to B. glabrata (LC90 values of 68 and 73 µg/ml, respectively). Based on these findings, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and hexane fractions should be further investigated for their potential use against the vectors of dengue and schistosomiasis.