As fundações de amparo à pesquisa como agentes estruturantes dos sistemas regionais de inovação e de descentralização em C, T&I no Brasil

Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Araranguá, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologias da Informação e Comunicação, Araranguá, 2018.

Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2018
Main Author: Matos, Guilherme Paraol de
Advisor: Esteves, Paulo Cesar Leite
Document type: Master thesis
Language:por
Online Access:https://repositorio.ufsc.br/handle/123456789/189329
English abstract:Abstract : The present dissertation aims to present the actions of the Foundations of Support to Research (FSR's) within the scope of the Regional Innovation Systems (RIS's) of the Brazilian states. The FSR s aims to promote S,T&I activities through grant resources and their role in the process of decentralization of area resources. The concept of Innovation Systems emerges, from the 80's, considering innovation as the result of the interaction of several agents. Allied to this perspective, researches about the regions showed that the geographical proximity and the territorial factor positively influence the innovation process. Cooke in 1992, showed the term Regional System of Innovation, allying the systemic factor with the regional characteristics. In Brazil, the creation of CAPES and CNPq in the 50s began the movement to encourage the promotion of S,T&I. After this period, was strengthened the National Innovation System by the creation of several institutions, programs, policies and instruments, especially after the 1988 Constitution, which placed S&T as one of the priorities of the federal government. The expansion of FSR s was part of this process. The first FSR came in the state of São Paulo in 1964. A larger number of FSR s emerged from the promulgation of the Federal Constitution in the 1990s. With the number largest of FSR s created in the year 2000. Currently only Roraima does not have a FSR. CONFAP, established in 2005, is the council that brings together all Foundations. The FSR s are institutions that foster grant resources for research, training of human resources, support for technological development and dissemination of S,T&I, as well as other specific actions. The FSR s are part of the SRI's of the states, and contribute to regional development. There is a linearity in analyzing the PIB, the investment in S,T&I and the investment made by the FAPs in the states. Reproduce, than, the inequality seen in the economy of the states in the incentives to S,T&I and in the budget executed by the FSR s. The FSR s are part of this scenario, because most of their revenue comes from their state, so richer states tend to invest more, and receive the economic benefits, creating a hub cycle. However, FSR s still consist of important resource capillary agents throughout Brazil.