Beliefs related to adherence to oral antidiabetic treatment according to the Theory of Planned Behavior

To identify salient behavioral, normative, control and self-efficacy beliefs related to the behavior of adherence to oral antidiabetic agents, using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Cross-sectional, exploratory study with 17 diabetic patients in chronic use of oral antidiabetic medication and in outp...

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Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2014
Main Author: Cornélio, Marilia Estevam
Other Authors: Jannuzz, Fernanda Freire, Rodrigues, Roberta Cunha Matheus, São-João, Thaís Moreira, Gallani, Maria Cecília Bueno Jayme
Document type: Article
Language:eng
Published: Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Online Access:http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0104-1169.3578.2448
http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/12138
English abstract:To identify salient behavioral, normative, control and self-efficacy beliefs related to the behavior of adherence to oral antidiabetic agents, using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Cross-sectional, exploratory study with 17 diabetic patients in chronic use of oral antidiabetic medication and in outpatient follow-up. Individual interviews were recorded, transcribed and content-analyzed using pre-established categories. Behavioral beliefs concerning advantages and disadvantages of adhering to medication emerged, such as the possibility of avoiding complications from diabetes, preventing or delaying the use of insulin, and a perception of side effects. The children of patients and physicians are seen as important social references who influence medication adherence. The factors that facilitate adherence include access to free-of-cost medication and taking medications associated with temporal markers. On the other hand, a complex therapeutic regimen was considered a factor that hinders adherence. Understanding how to use medication and forgetfulness impact the perception of patients regarding their ability to adhere to oral antidiabetic agents. Medication adherence is a complex behavior permeated by behavioral, normative, control and self-efficacy beliefs that should be taken into account when assessing determinants of behavior.