Consumo alimentar, perfil nutricional e de saúde de crianças no 2o e 3o anos de vida atendidas em serviços públicos de saúde do município de Viçosa – Minas Gerais

Objetivo: Caracterizar o consumo alimentar, perfil nutricional e de saúde de crianças no 2o e 3o anos de vida, atendidas nos serviços públicos de saúde do município de Viçosa, Minas Gerais. Metodologia: Em 174 crianças de ambos os sexos foi realizado durante três meses, estudo transversal no qual se...

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Access type:openAccess
Publication Date:2004
Main Author: Cavalcante, Ana Augusta Monteiro lattes
Advisor: Tinôco, Adelson Luiz Araújo
Document type: Master thesis
Language:por
Published: Universidade Federal de Viçosa
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Online Access:http://www.locus.ufv.br/handle/123456789/8888
Citation:CAVALCANTE, Ana Augusta Monteiro. Consumo alimentar, perfil nutricional e de saúde de crianças no 2o e 3o anos de vida atendidas em serviços públicos de saúde do município de Viçosa – Minas Gerais. 2004. 118f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciência da Nutrição) - Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa. 2004.
English abstract:Objective: To characterize the food consumption, nutritional and health profile of children who are in second and third years of life, assisted in the public health services of Viçosa municipality, at Minas Gerais State. Methodology: A three months cross sectional study was carried out in 174 children of both sexes to determine the food consumption pattern. Two questionnaires were applied to collect the dietary data (a 24 hours recall and a Food Frequency Questionnaire) and a third questionnaire to collect socioeconomic, demographic and health assistance data, and compared, for the average found in the two inquiries, the AMDR (Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges), EER (Estimated Energy Requirement) and inadequacy prevalence of micronutrients. Scores z were calculated for the indices of Weight/Age, Weight/Stature and Stature/Age, and they were compared the NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics) and associated to the food consumption. Centesimal composition of foods was calculated in DietPro4 software. The Epi-Info (6.4) software was used for organize the data basis and for the data analysis in which ×2 Test, Test t Student and Odds Ratio were carried out. Results: The analysis of usual food consumption of energy and nutrients was statistically significant and higher for boys than for girls, p<0,0001 exception being made for fiber and vitamin C. The amount of energy from macronutrients showed the greater ratio (81,5%) in children of both age ranges with values below of the minimum fat limit. In both age groups studied most children (80,2% and 96,4% and 87,3% and 96,8) had a carbohydrate and protein intake within the recommended range. The average amount of energy supplied by the diet exceeded the EER for both sex, p<0,0001. The highest inadequacy prevalence has observed for vitamins C and A (96,6 and 36,8%) and for minerals iron and zinc (13,2 and 99,4%). Foods more commonly consumed were beans, chicken, rice, angu, borecole, banana and oil. Malnutrition prevalence’s was found for weight/age (13,2%), weight/stature (13,8%) and stature/age (4,0%). Conclusion: Considering the children ́s food consumption variability it can be concluded that despite the energy provision from the diet exceeds the dietary recommendation for most of the studied children, high prevalences of nutritional inadequacy were found for most of the micronutientes under study such as vitamins A and C and minerals such as iron and zinc which are essential to prevent morbimortality within the early life. Positive association was found between low socioeconomic level and comsumption inadequacies and those children ́s mutritional deficits.