Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)

Detalhes bibliográficos
Autor(a) principal: Lívia Mendes Carvalho
Data de Publicação: 2018
Outros Autores: Verônica Aparecida Ladeira, Elka Fabiana Aparecida Almeida, Lenira Viana Costa Santa-Cecília, Deodoro Magno Brighenti, Erivelton Resende
Tipo de documento: Artigo
Idioma: eng
Título da fonte: Repositório Institucional da UFMG
Texto Completo: https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v24i4.1193
http://hdl.handle.net/1843/50282
Resumo: Stingless bee Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is an important pest of calla lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.), damaging flowers, especially the spadix. The aim was to identify the most efficient packaging for bagging calla lily inflorescences, aiming to protect against the attack of stingless bee and to maintain postharvest quality. The experiment was carried out in a calla lily plantation cultivated in soil under 50% shading screen. Treatments consisted in bagging calla lily flowers with: 1) brown kraft paper bag, 2) non-woven fabric (NWF) bag; 3) transparent plastic bag, 4) transparent micro-perforated plastic bag and 5) control (without bagging). The experimental design was completely randomized with 25 replicates and one inflorescence per plot. Inflorescences received treatments when they presented definitive color, but still with completely closed spathe. Seven days after bagging, inflorescences were collected and evaluated for damages caused by insects in the field and the postharvest characteristics. Postharvest quality evaluations of inflorescences were performed for 12 days, observing expansion of the spathe in length and width, stem weight and visual quality expressed by the number of days that remained in each class. The bagging of calla lily inflorescences was efficient in the control of stingless bee, regardless of packaging used, because under these conditions, no inflorescence presented damage. In control, 84% of damaged inflorescences were observed. Differences in postharvest characteristics were observed and inflorescences remained for longer periods in the process of spathe opening, which is characterized by the measurement of their length and width, when packed. Among packages, NWF allowed longer spathe length at the 6th day of evaluation, larger width at 7th day of evaluation and less fresh mass loss at the end of the experiment (8%). In control, reduction of spathe measurements from the first day of evaluation and loss of 11% of fresh mass were observed. It was concluded that NWF is an efficient packaging to protect calla lily against the attack of stingless bee without compromising the postharvest quality of inflorescences.
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spelling 2023-02-23T11:40:41Z2023-02-23T11:40:41Z2018244353360https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v24i4.11932447-536Xhttp://hdl.handle.net/1843/50282Stingless bee Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is an important pest of calla lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.), damaging flowers, especially the spadix. The aim was to identify the most efficient packaging for bagging calla lily inflorescences, aiming to protect against the attack of stingless bee and to maintain postharvest quality. The experiment was carried out in a calla lily plantation cultivated in soil under 50% shading screen. Treatments consisted in bagging calla lily flowers with: 1) brown kraft paper bag, 2) non-woven fabric (NWF) bag; 3) transparent plastic bag, 4) transparent micro-perforated plastic bag and 5) control (without bagging). The experimental design was completely randomized with 25 replicates and one inflorescence per plot. Inflorescences received treatments when they presented definitive color, but still with completely closed spathe. Seven days after bagging, inflorescences were collected and evaluated for damages caused by insects in the field and the postharvest characteristics. Postharvest quality evaluations of inflorescences were performed for 12 days, observing expansion of the spathe in length and width, stem weight and visual quality expressed by the number of days that remained in each class. The bagging of calla lily inflorescences was efficient in the control of stingless bee, regardless of packaging used, because under these conditions, no inflorescence presented damage. In control, 84% of damaged inflorescences were observed. Differences in postharvest characteristics were observed and inflorescences remained for longer periods in the process of spathe opening, which is characterized by the measurement of their length and width, when packed. Among packages, NWF allowed longer spathe length at the 6th day of evaluation, larger width at 7th day of evaluation and less fresh mass loss at the end of the experiment (8%). In control, reduction of spathe measurements from the first day of evaluation and loss of 11% of fresh mass were observed. It was concluded that NWF is an efficient packaging to protect calla lily against the attack of stingless bee without compromising the postharvest quality of inflorescences.A abelha irapuá Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae) é uma importante praga do cultivo do copo-de-leite, Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.), pois causa danos nas inflorescências, principalmente na espádice. O objetivo foi identificar a embalagem mais eficiente para o ensacamento de inflorescências de copo-de-leite, visando a proteção contra o ataque da abelha irapuá e a manutenção da qualidade pós-colheita. O experimento foi conduzido em cultivo de copo-de-leite plantado em solo sob 50% de sombreamento. Os tratamentos consistiram do ensacamento das inflorescências com: 1) papel kraft; 2) TNT branco (comercialmente denominado tecido não tecido); 3) plástico transparente; 4) plástico transparente microperfurado; 5) testemunha (sem ensacamento). O delineamento experimental foi inteiramente casualizado contendo 25 repetições e uma inflorescência de copo-de-leite por parcela. As inflorescências receberam os tratamentos quando as mesmas apresentavam-se com a cor definitiva, mas ainda com a espata totalmente fechada. Sete dias após o ensacamento, as inflorescências foram colhidas e avaliadas quanto aos danos ocasionados pelos insetos no campo e quanto às características pós-colheita. As avaliações da qualidade pós-colheita das inflorescências foram realizadas por 12 dias, observando a expansão da espata em comprimento e largura, peso da haste e a qualidade visual expressa pelo número de dias que permaneceram em cada classe. O ensacamento das inflorescências de copo-de-leite foi eficiente no controle da abelha irapuá, independentemente do tipo de embalagem utilizada, pois nessas condições nenhuma inflorescência apresentou danos. Já na testemunha foram observadas 84% das inflorescências danificadas. Observaram-se diferenças nas características pós-colheita, sendo que as inflorescências permaneceram por maior período em fase de abertura da espata, que é caracterizada pelas medidas de comprimento e largura das mesmas, quando embaladas. Dentre as embalagens, destacou-se o TNT que possibilitou maior comprimento da espata ao 6° dia de avaliação, maior largura da mesma ao 7° dia de avaliação e menor perda de massa fresca ao final do experimento (8%). Já a testemunha teve murcha precoce caracterizada pela redução das medidas da espata à partir do primeiro dia de avaliação e perda de 11% da massa fresca. Conclui-se que o TNT mostrou-se como uma embalagem eficiente para proteção contra o ataque da abelha irapuá sem comprometer a qualidade das inflorescências na pós-colheita.FAPEMIG - Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas GeraisengUniversidade Federal de Minas GeraisUFMGBrasilICA - INSTITUTO DE CIÊNCIAS AGRÁRIASFlores - CultivoPragas agrícolasBagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)Ensacamento de inflorescências de copo-de-leite para proteção contra a abelha irapuá (Trigona spinipes)info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlehttps://www.scielo.br/j/oh/a/56FCzsBj9cQdqZGHwS3xdQF/abstract/?lang=enLívia Mendes CarvalhoVerônica Aparecida LadeiraElka Fabiana Aparecida AlmeidaLenira Viana Costa Santa-CecíliaDeodoro Magno BrighentiErivelton Resendeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessreponame:Repositório Institucional da UFMGinstname:Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)instacron:UFMGLICENSELicense.txtLicense.txttext/plain; charset=utf-82042https://repositorio.ufmg.br/bitstream/1843/50282/1/License.txtfa505098d172de0bc8864fc1287ffe22MD51ORIGINALBagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes).pdfBagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes).pdfapplication/pdf2077077https://repositorio.ufmg.br/bitstream/1843/50282/2/Bagging%20to%20protect%20calla%20lily%20flowers%20against%20stingless%20bee%20%28Trigona%20spinipes%29.pdf905faaf5bccd979d5c7c365686211ce2MD521843/502822023-02-23 08:40:41.666oai:repositorio.ufmg.br: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Repositório de PublicaçõesPUBhttps://repositorio.ufmg.br/oaiopendoar:2023-02-23T11:40:41Repositório Institucional da UFMG - Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)false
dc.title.pt_BR.fl_str_mv Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
dc.title.alternative.pt_BR.fl_str_mv Ensacamento de inflorescências de copo-de-leite para proteção contra a abelha irapuá (Trigona spinipes)
title Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
spellingShingle Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
Lívia Mendes Carvalho
Flores - Cultivo
Pragas agrícolas
title_short Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
title_full Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
title_fullStr Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
title_full_unstemmed Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
title_sort Bagging to protect calla lily flowers against stingless bee (Trigona spinipes)
author Lívia Mendes Carvalho
author_facet Lívia Mendes Carvalho
Verônica Aparecida Ladeira
Elka Fabiana Aparecida Almeida
Lenira Viana Costa Santa-Cecília
Deodoro Magno Brighenti
Erivelton Resende
author_role author
author2 Verônica Aparecida Ladeira
Elka Fabiana Aparecida Almeida
Lenira Viana Costa Santa-Cecília
Deodoro Magno Brighenti
Erivelton Resende
author2_role author
author
author
author
author
dc.contributor.author.fl_str_mv Lívia Mendes Carvalho
Verônica Aparecida Ladeira
Elka Fabiana Aparecida Almeida
Lenira Viana Costa Santa-Cecília
Deodoro Magno Brighenti
Erivelton Resende
dc.subject.other.pt_BR.fl_str_mv Flores - Cultivo
Pragas agrícolas
topic Flores - Cultivo
Pragas agrícolas
description Stingless bee Trigona spinipes (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is an important pest of calla lily, Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.), damaging flowers, especially the spadix. The aim was to identify the most efficient packaging for bagging calla lily inflorescences, aiming to protect against the attack of stingless bee and to maintain postharvest quality. The experiment was carried out in a calla lily plantation cultivated in soil under 50% shading screen. Treatments consisted in bagging calla lily flowers with: 1) brown kraft paper bag, 2) non-woven fabric (NWF) bag; 3) transparent plastic bag, 4) transparent micro-perforated plastic bag and 5) control (without bagging). The experimental design was completely randomized with 25 replicates and one inflorescence per plot. Inflorescences received treatments when they presented definitive color, but still with completely closed spathe. Seven days after bagging, inflorescences were collected and evaluated for damages caused by insects in the field and the postharvest characteristics. Postharvest quality evaluations of inflorescences were performed for 12 days, observing expansion of the spathe in length and width, stem weight and visual quality expressed by the number of days that remained in each class. The bagging of calla lily inflorescences was efficient in the control of stingless bee, regardless of packaging used, because under these conditions, no inflorescence presented damage. In control, 84% of damaged inflorescences were observed. Differences in postharvest characteristics were observed and inflorescences remained for longer periods in the process of spathe opening, which is characterized by the measurement of their length and width, when packed. Among packages, NWF allowed longer spathe length at the 6th day of evaluation, larger width at 7th day of evaluation and less fresh mass loss at the end of the experiment (8%). In control, reduction of spathe measurements from the first day of evaluation and loss of 11% of fresh mass were observed. It was concluded that NWF is an efficient packaging to protect calla lily against the attack of stingless bee without compromising the postharvest quality of inflorescences.
publishDate 2018
dc.date.issued.fl_str_mv 2018
dc.date.accessioned.fl_str_mv 2023-02-23T11:40:41Z
dc.date.available.fl_str_mv 2023-02-23T11:40:41Z
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dc.identifier.uri.fl_str_mv http://hdl.handle.net/1843/50282
dc.identifier.doi.pt_BR.fl_str_mv https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v24i4.1193
dc.identifier.issn.pt_BR.fl_str_mv 2447-536X
url https://doi.org/10.14295/oh.v24i4.1193
http://hdl.handle.net/1843/50282
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dc.publisher.none.fl_str_mv Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
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dc.publisher.country.fl_str_mv Brasil
dc.publisher.department.fl_str_mv ICA - INSTITUTO DE CIÊNCIAS AGRÁRIAS
publisher.none.fl_str_mv Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
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