As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste

Detalhes bibliográficos
Autor(a) principal: Testa, Alexandre Lunardi
Data de Publicação: 2021
Tipo de documento: Dissertação
Idioma: por
Título da fonte: Biblioteca de teses e dissertações da Universidade de Passo Fundo (BDTD UPF)
Texto Completo: http://tede.upf.br:8080/jspui/handle/tede/2092
Resumo: The intersection between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Linguistics is more than fundamental, it is necessary. The concept of the Turing Test is proposed since the early days of the modern computer science, which corroborates this intersection, equating, in potentiality, machine and human. This work aims, from this Turing conception, to oppose the proposal with linguistic aspects abstracted from the reflections on language in Émile Benveniste, especially from a distinction path between the semiotic and semantic domains to reach the enunciative conception. This theoretical movement helps to understand what Searle presents as a semantic problem of theories based on a strong Artificial Intelligence. The objective, therefore, is to understand what the limits of language manipulation by intelligent agents are and what subsidies the own research can offer to our understanding of human language. The concept elaborated by Turing and the development of AI in contemporary times, well described by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, already guarantees a genuine potential in a linguistic scope for AI. However, this aspect depends especially on a selection and combination of terms by probability of use, without especially reaching a human character of the language, which is explained by Searle, in the argument of the Chinese Room and can be understood through the concept of language semantization, necessary for enunciation, abstracted from Émile Benveniste. It is precisely because of this condition that human beings distance themselves from other animals and also from machines. The ability to combine, associate and define probable terms is extremely useful in some conditions with a well-defined environment, because in these protocol situations it is interesting the rapid diagnosis that the machines are capable of producing, as in a screening of medical symptoms, for example. This does not occur in everyday situations, in which the language is updated with each proposed enunciation. Conversation in a pragmatic context can occur and ensure that the Turing test is passed, without the machines being capable of discursive production, an element that comes from the enunciative process, internal, personal and unique. The language is updated with each enunciation, and this is a condition that affects the meaning through the sense, this becomes a problem for any intelligent agent that processes language, making machines dependent on humans for the maintenance of natural and living language. The relation between man and machine can be seen, therefore, from another perspective, of complementarity, while one guarantees the process of updating the language, and the other assists with the sorting of information in a digital universe immeasurable by the human being.
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spelling Oudeste, Claudia Stumpf Toldo582.170.450-20http://lattes.cnpq.br/7927613573357678036.349.280-18http://lattes.cnpq.br/4237281036799032Testa, Alexandre Lunardi2021-11-09T13:00:38Z2021-03-23TESTA, Alexandre Lunardi. As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste. 2021. 139 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras) - Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, 2021.http://tede.upf.br:8080/jspui/handle/tede/2092The intersection between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Linguistics is more than fundamental, it is necessary. The concept of the Turing Test is proposed since the early days of the modern computer science, which corroborates this intersection, equating, in potentiality, machine and human. This work aims, from this Turing conception, to oppose the proposal with linguistic aspects abstracted from the reflections on language in Émile Benveniste, especially from a distinction path between the semiotic and semantic domains to reach the enunciative conception. This theoretical movement helps to understand what Searle presents as a semantic problem of theories based on a strong Artificial Intelligence. The objective, therefore, is to understand what the limits of language manipulation by intelligent agents are and what subsidies the own research can offer to our understanding of human language. The concept elaborated by Turing and the development of AI in contemporary times, well described by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, already guarantees a genuine potential in a linguistic scope for AI. However, this aspect depends especially on a selection and combination of terms by probability of use, without especially reaching a human character of the language, which is explained by Searle, in the argument of the Chinese Room and can be understood through the concept of language semantization, necessary for enunciation, abstracted from Émile Benveniste. It is precisely because of this condition that human beings distance themselves from other animals and also from machines. The ability to combine, associate and define probable terms is extremely useful in some conditions with a well-defined environment, because in these protocol situations it is interesting the rapid diagnosis that the machines are capable of producing, as in a screening of medical symptoms, for example. This does not occur in everyday situations, in which the language is updated with each proposed enunciation. Conversation in a pragmatic context can occur and ensure that the Turing test is passed, without the machines being capable of discursive production, an element that comes from the enunciative process, internal, personal and unique. The language is updated with each enunciation, and this is a condition that affects the meaning through the sense, this becomes a problem for any intelligent agent that processes language, making machines dependent on humans for the maintenance of natural and living language. The relation between man and machine can be seen, therefore, from another perspective, of complementarity, while one guarantees the process of updating the language, and the other assists with the sorting of information in a digital universe immeasurable by the human being.A interseção entre Inteligência Artificial (IA) e Linguística é mais do que fundamental, é necessária. Logo nos primórdios da ciência da computação é aventado o conceito do Teste de Turing, que corrobora com essa interseção, equiparando, em potência, máquina e humano. Este trabalho pretende, a partir dessa concepção de Turing, contrapor a proposta com aspectos linguísticos abstraídos das reflexões sobre língua em Émile Benveniste, especialmente a partir de um percurso de distinção entre os domínios semiótico e semântico para atingir a concepção enunciativa. Esse movimento teórico auxilia a compreender o que Searle apresenta como um problema semântico de teorias baseadas em uma Inteligência Artificial forte. O objetivo, com isso, é compreender quais são os limites de manipulação da linguagem por agentes inteligentes e quais os subsídios que a própria investigação pode ofertar para a nossa compreensão sobre a linguagem humana. O conceito elaborado por Turing e o desenvolvimento da IA na contemporaneidade, bem descrito por Stuart Russell e Peter Norvig, já garantem um potencial genuíno em um âmbito linguístico para a IA. Contudo, esse aspecto depende especialmente de uma seleção e combinação de termos por probabilidade de uso, sem especialmente atingir um caráter humano da língua, que é explicitado por Searle, no argumento da Sala chinesa e pode ser compreendido através da conceituação de semantização da língua, necessária para a enunciação, abstraída de Émile Benveniste. É justamente por conta dessa condição que o ser humano se distancia dos demais animais e também das máquinas. A capacidade de combinar, associar e definir termos prováveis é extremamente útil em algumas condições, com ambiente bem definido, isso porque nessas situações protocolares é interessante o rápido diagnóstico que as máquinas são capazes de produzir, como em uma triagem de sintomas médicos, por exemplo. Isso não ocorre em situações cotidianas, em que a linguagem sofre uma atualização a cada enunciado proposto. A conversação em um âmbito pragmático pode ocorrer e garantir que o teste de Turing seja vencido, isso sem que as máquinas sejam capazes de produção discursiva, elemento oriundo do processo enunciativo, interno, pessoal e único. A língua atualiza-se a cada enunciação, e essa é uma condição que afeta a significação através do sentido, isso torna-se um problema para qualquer agente inteligente que processa a linguagem, fazendo com que as máquinas sejam dependentes dos humanos para a manutenção da língua natural e viva. A relação entre homem e máquina pode ser vista, portanto, por outra ótica, de complementaridade, enquanto um garante o processo de atualização da língua, o outro auxilia com a triagem da informação em um universo digital imensurável pelo ser humano.Submitted by Jucelei Domingues (jucelei@upf.br) on 2021-11-09T13:00:38Z No. of bitstreams: 1 2021Alexandre Lunardi Testa.pdf: 1267032 bytes, checksum: c6e3a8a4bf335f5fd8fc876fb9b09e18 (MD5)Made available in DSpace on 2021-11-09T13:00:38Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 2021Alexandre Lunardi Testa.pdf: 1267032 bytes, checksum: c6e3a8a4bf335f5fd8fc876fb9b09e18 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2021-03-23Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior - CAPESapplication/pdfporUniversidade de Passo FundoPrograma de Pós-Graduação em LetrasUPFBrasilInstituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas - IFCHTuring, Alan Mathison, 1912-1954Benveniste, Émile, 1902-1976Linguagem e línguasTuring, Teste deLinguísticaLanguage and languagesLinguisticsLINGUISTICA, LETRAS E ARTES::LINGUISTICAAs máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de BenvenisteMachines and language : a debate between Turing's Artificial Intelligence and Benveniste's Enunciationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesis8447345070736321569500500600600-276559339523351630979552599547855107832075167498588264571info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessreponame:Biblioteca de teses e dissertações da Universidade de Passo Fundo (BDTD UPF)instname:Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF)instacron:UPFORIGINAL2021Alexandre Lunardi Testa.pdf2021Alexandre Lunardi Testa.pdfapplication/pdf1267032http://tede.upf.br:8080/jspui/bitstream/tede/2092/2/2021Alexandre+Lunardi+Testa.pdfc6e3a8a4bf335f5fd8fc876fb9b09e18MD52LICENSElicense.txtlicense.txttext/plain; charset=utf-82053http://tede.upf.br:8080/jspui/bitstream/tede/2092/1/license.txt1ea0bfd7af108792edd8df732bb777fcMD51tede/20922021-11-09 11:00:38.381oai:tede.upf.br: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Biblioteca Digital de Teses e DissertaçõesPUBhttp://tede.upf.br/oai/requestbiblio@upf.br || bio@upf.br || cas@upf.br || car@upf.br || lve@upf.br || sar@upf.br || sol@upf.br || upfmundi@upf.br || jucelei@upf.bropendoar:2021-11-09T13:00:38Biblioteca de teses e dissertações da Universidade de Passo Fundo (BDTD UPF) - Universidade de Passo Fundo (UPF)false
dc.title.por.fl_str_mv As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
dc.title.alternative.eng.fl_str_mv Machines and language : a debate between Turing's Artificial Intelligence and Benveniste's Enunciation
title As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
spellingShingle As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
Testa, Alexandre Lunardi
Turing, Alan Mathison, 1912-1954
Benveniste, Émile, 1902-1976
Linguagem e línguas
Turing, Teste de
Linguística
Language and languages
Linguistics
LINGUISTICA, LETRAS E ARTES::LINGUISTICA
title_short As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
title_full As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
title_fullStr As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
title_full_unstemmed As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
title_sort As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste
author Testa, Alexandre Lunardi
author_facet Testa, Alexandre Lunardi
author_role author
dc.contributor.advisor1.fl_str_mv Oudeste, Claudia Stumpf Toldo
dc.contributor.advisor1ID.fl_str_mv 582.170.450-20
dc.contributor.advisor1Lattes.fl_str_mv http://lattes.cnpq.br/7927613573357678
dc.contributor.authorID.fl_str_mv 036.349.280-18
dc.contributor.authorLattes.fl_str_mv http://lattes.cnpq.br/4237281036799032
dc.contributor.author.fl_str_mv Testa, Alexandre Lunardi
contributor_str_mv Oudeste, Claudia Stumpf Toldo
dc.subject.por.fl_str_mv Turing, Alan Mathison, 1912-1954
Benveniste, Émile, 1902-1976
Linguagem e línguas
Turing, Teste de
Linguística
topic Turing, Alan Mathison, 1912-1954
Benveniste, Émile, 1902-1976
Linguagem e línguas
Turing, Teste de
Linguística
Language and languages
Linguistics
LINGUISTICA, LETRAS E ARTES::LINGUISTICA
dc.subject.eng.fl_str_mv Language and languages
Linguistics
dc.subject.cnpq.fl_str_mv LINGUISTICA, LETRAS E ARTES::LINGUISTICA
description The intersection between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Linguistics is more than fundamental, it is necessary. The concept of the Turing Test is proposed since the early days of the modern computer science, which corroborates this intersection, equating, in potentiality, machine and human. This work aims, from this Turing conception, to oppose the proposal with linguistic aspects abstracted from the reflections on language in Émile Benveniste, especially from a distinction path between the semiotic and semantic domains to reach the enunciative conception. This theoretical movement helps to understand what Searle presents as a semantic problem of theories based on a strong Artificial Intelligence. The objective, therefore, is to understand what the limits of language manipulation by intelligent agents are and what subsidies the own research can offer to our understanding of human language. The concept elaborated by Turing and the development of AI in contemporary times, well described by Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig, already guarantees a genuine potential in a linguistic scope for AI. However, this aspect depends especially on a selection and combination of terms by probability of use, without especially reaching a human character of the language, which is explained by Searle, in the argument of the Chinese Room and can be understood through the concept of language semantization, necessary for enunciation, abstracted from Émile Benveniste. It is precisely because of this condition that human beings distance themselves from other animals and also from machines. The ability to combine, associate and define probable terms is extremely useful in some conditions with a well-defined environment, because in these protocol situations it is interesting the rapid diagnosis that the machines are capable of producing, as in a screening of medical symptoms, for example. This does not occur in everyday situations, in which the language is updated with each proposed enunciation. Conversation in a pragmatic context can occur and ensure that the Turing test is passed, without the machines being capable of discursive production, an element that comes from the enunciative process, internal, personal and unique. The language is updated with each enunciation, and this is a condition that affects the meaning through the sense, this becomes a problem for any intelligent agent that processes language, making machines dependent on humans for the maintenance of natural and living language. The relation between man and machine can be seen, therefore, from another perspective, of complementarity, while one guarantees the process of updating the language, and the other assists with the sorting of information in a digital universe immeasurable by the human being.
publishDate 2021
dc.date.accessioned.fl_str_mv 2021-11-09T13:00:38Z
dc.date.issued.fl_str_mv 2021-03-23
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dc.identifier.citation.fl_str_mv TESTA, Alexandre Lunardi. As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste. 2021. 139 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras) - Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, 2021.
dc.identifier.uri.fl_str_mv http://tede.upf.br:8080/jspui/handle/tede/2092
identifier_str_mv TESTA, Alexandre Lunardi. As máquinas e a língua : um debate entre a Inteligência Artificial de Turing e a Enunciação de Benveniste. 2021. 139 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras) - Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, 2021.
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